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从管资产加速迈向管资本 国资投资运营平台试点将扩围

从管资产加速迈向管资本
  国资投资运营平台试点将扩围
  专家称将进一步为国企市场化改革清障

作为国企改革重头戏,实现从管资产到管资本,国资监管体制实质性改革正在加速“破局”。《经济参考报》记者日前获悉,一方面,国资委计划扩大以国投为首的国有资本投资、运营公司试点工作,下一步加快改组组建一批国有资本投资运营公司,履行出资人职责,更好地加强国有资产监管,完善国资管理体制。另一方面,国资委已经成立专门领导小组和工作小组,正在制定内部组织机构设置和职能调整方案,进一步为国企改革清障。

值得注意的是,这是即将推出的“十项改革试点”中重要的一项改革内容。与此同时,地方国资监管也正在加速改革,多省市在改革自身机构的同时,继续推进国有资本投资运营公司试点工作。以江西省为例,除了进一步简政放权外,目前江西已经完成7家省属股权多元化国企国有股权注入省属国控公司,将其打造成为资产总额670多亿元的省级产业投融资平台,在推动昌河汽车、江钨有限等企业重组中发挥了重要作用,计划2017年底前将完成4至5家省属国有资本投资运营公司改组或组建工作。

2月23日,“聚焦新国企—改革进行时”深入推进国资国企改革研讨会在北京召开,作为首批国企改革试点,国投公司董事长王会生在会议上分享了关于国资投资运营平台试点的改革经验。

他告诉《经济参考报》记者,通过推进授权试点改革,以确立投资企业独立市场主体地位为核心,将更多的权力交还给企业自主决策。此外,国投试点中一个突出的模式特点,是将资产经营和资本经营更好地结合起来,对关系国家安全和国民经济命脉的基础性、资源性产业和战略性新兴产业,积极打造一流控股企业,推动其进入资本市场,实现股权多元化和运营透明化,通过市场机制实现自我良性循环发展;对一般竞争性企业和做不到行业一流的企业,坚持实施“阶段性持股”,按照“股权投资—股权管理—股权转让”的运作思路,充分运用资本市场、产权市场择机转让、增值退出。据了解,目前国投有境内外控股上市公司7家,参股上市公司20家,资产证券化率约70%。与此同时,国投投资海正药业1777万元,转让收益2亿元,增值11.5倍;投资上海纳铁福传动轴项目3675万元,转让收益5.4亿元,增值14.6倍;投资虎门大桥2739万元,转让收益6亿元,增值22倍。

一直以来,国有企业现行管理体制中政企不分、政资不分等问题饱受诟病。不少业内人士认为,健全国有资产监督机制,优化国有经济布局结构,是提高国有资本配置效率,真正实现国企改革的关键所在。按照此前发布的《关于深化国有企业改革的指导意见》,筹建国资运营平台将主要通过划拨现有商业类国有企业的国有股权以及国有资本经营预算注资组建,或者选择具备一定条件的国有独资企业集团改组设立,同时国有资产监管机构依法对国有资本投资运营公司履行出资人职责,而国有资本投资运营公司则对授权范围内的国有资本履行出资人职责,作为国有资本市场化运作的专业平台,依法自主开展国有资本运作。

江西省国资委主任陈德勤对《经济参考报》记者表示,管资本必须准确把握出资人职责定位,充分保障企业独立法人市场主体地位,国资监管要明确出资人与企业监管边界,将应当由企业自主经营决策事项归位于企业。国有资产监管重点在四个方面:管好国有资本布局,规范资本运作,提高资本回报,维护资本安全。

“下一步国企改革的重要方面,就是将原本的国有资产管理架构由目前的两级变为国资监管机构、国有资本投资运营公司和经营性国企三级,逐步实现政企分开,将政府和企业剥离开来,以产权管理为纽带,突出国有资本运作,最终实现国资委从‘管资产’向‘管资本’转变。”中国企业研究院首席研究员李锦在接受记者采访时说。

李锦表示,国投作为国有资本投资运营公司已经开始布局,未来将会在分类的基础上,首先选取一批具备条件的央企试点进行改组,在此基础上形成国有投资运营公司,国资委等政府部门的一些权力将随之下放。

改革路径明确的背后,是对与企业市场化经营和国有资本出资人监管之间更为科学的布局。国资委研究中心研究员张春晓在接受《经济参考报》记者采访时表示,本轮改革的重要内容,就是要尊重市场经济规律和企业发展规律,正确处理好政府与市场的关系,以管资本为主加强国有资产监管,改革国有资本授权经营体制,科学界定国有资产出资人的监管边界,不干预企业自主经营权。

From the pipe asset accelerates towards capital

Pilot will enlarge wai assets investment and operating platform

Experts say will further for clearing the marketization of state-owned enterprises reform

As state-owned enterprises reform, realize from tube to tube capital assets, substantial assets supervision system reform is to accelerate the "broken". The economic information daily, reporter has learned, on the one hand, the state-owned assets supervision and administration plans to expand the state-owned capital investment, operating companies, led by investment pilot work, the next step to speed up the reorganization to form a batch of state-owned capital operating company, fulfill their duties of the investor, to better strengthen the regulation of state-owned assets, improve the state-owned asset management system. On the other hand, the state-owned assets supervision and administration commission has set up a special leading group and working groups, are working on the internal organization setup and function adjustment scheme, further clearing for the reform of state-owned enterprises.

It is important to note that this is the upcoming "ten pilot reforms" one of the important content of the reform. At the same time, the local state-owned assets supervision and accelerating the reform, many provinces and cities in the reform of its own institutions at the same time, continue to push forward the state-owned capital operating company investment pilot work. In jiangxi province for example, in addition to further reduce the decentralization, the current provincial equity diversified state-owned enterprises in jiangxi province has been completed seven provincial state-controlled companies, state-owned equity injection to forge a total assets of more than 670 one hundred million yuan to the provincial industry investment and financing platform, in promoting the changhe, jiang tungsten co., LTD., and other enterprises have played an important role in restructuring, is planned to be completed before the end of 2017 will be four to five provincial state-owned capital operating company reorganization or a job.

On February 23, "focus on the new - for the reform of the state-owned enterprises" reform deepening state-owned assets enterprises seminar was held in Beijing, as the first batch of pilot reform in state-owned enterprises, investment company chairman hui-sheng wang at the meeting to share the operation platform of pilot reform of state-owned assets investment experience.

He told the economic information daily, reporter, authorized by advancing pilot reform, to establish the investment enterprises independent market main body status as the core, the more power back to the enterprise independent decisions. In addition, the investment in a prominent pattern characteristic, is the combined assets management and capital operation better, on the basis of the relationship between national security and national economic lifeline, resource industry and strategic emerging industries, and actively build first-class holding enterprises, promote their access to capital markets, implement equity diversification and transparency of the operation, through the market mechanism to realize positive cycle development; To the general competitive enterprise and can't do first-class enterprise, adhere to the implementation of "" periodic ownership, in accordance with the" equity investment, equity management, equity transfer "operation concept, make full use of capital market, include the transfer of property rights market, value-added exit. We have learned, at present there are seven holding listed companies, the investment in 20 of listed companies, asset securitization rate at about 70%. Investment, meanwhile, sea is pharmaceutical investment of 17.77 million yuan, the transfer income 200 million yuan, 11.5 times value; Susquehanna iron f the shaft on project investment of 36.75 million yuan, the transfer income 540 million yuan, 14.6 times value; Humen bridge investment of 27.39 million yuan, the transfer income 600 million yuan, the value added 22 times.

For a long time, the current management system of the state-owned enterprises in the enterprise management, classification of soe should not ridicule. A lot of the personage inside course of study thinks, improve the supervision mechanism of state-owned assets, optimize the structure of state-owned economy, is to improve the state-owned capital allocation efficiency, the key to truly realize the reform of state-owned enterprises. In accordance with the previously published "on deepening the reform of state-owned enterprises guidance", assets operation platform will be mainly through transfer of the state-owned enterprises of the existing business class state-owned equity capital injection forming and state-owned capital management budget, or choose to have certain conditions of the wholly state-owned enterprise group reorganization established, at the same time regulators in accordance with the law of state-owned assets of state-owned capital operating company sponsor responsibilities, while the state-owned capital operating company of state-owned capital investor duties within the scope of authorization, as a professional platform for state-owned capital market operation, independently carry out state-owned capital operation.

Jiangxi Chen Deqin, director of the state-owned assets supervision and administration commission of the economic information daily, reporters, tube capital must accurately grasp the investor responsibility positioning, market main body status, fully safeguard enterprise independent legal entity assets supervision must be clear the investor and corporate governance boundary, shall operate independently by the enterprise decision-making items are classified in enterprises. The state-owned assets supervision focus on four aspects: control of state-owned capital, standardize the capital operation, improve the return on capital, capital safety maintenance.

"Next important aspect of the reform of state-owned enterprises, is the original state-owned assets management structure from the two levels of into, the state-owned capital investment state assets supervision and administration institutions operating companies and operational level 3, state-owned enterprises gradually achieve separate government functions from enterprise management, will separate government and enterprise, with property management as a link, highlight the state-owned capital operation, finally realizes the state-owned assets supervision and administration from 'tube assets' to' tube capital." A researcher at the Chinese enterprise institute chief edmond lee said in an interview.

Edmond lee, said the investment operation of state-owned capital investment company has started the layout, the future will be on the basis of classification, select a group of qualified state pilot first reshuffle, on the basis of this form of state-owned investment company, state-owned assets supervision and administration of some government departments such as power will then down.

Behind the reform path clear, is to the enterprise market management and regulation of state-owned capital investors between the layout of the more scientific. Sasac research center researcher chun-xiao zhang in an interview with the economic information daily, reporter said that an important content of the reform, is to respect the laws of market economy and enterprise development, correctly handle the relationship between the government and the market, mainly tube capital strengthen the regulation of state-owned assets, the reform of state-owned capital authorization management system, scientific definition of investors of state-owned assets supervision boundary, not to interfere in enterprise autonomy.

 

来源:中国招标信息网(www.cnbidding.com)


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